Flowers That Grow in Water: Discover 16 Aquatic Beauties for Your Garden

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There is no denying that flowers have an exceptional charm and natural beauty, but some are even more fascinating due to their ability to grow in water. These aquatic blossoms can be found in various shapes, sizes and colors, and they are a stunning addition to any pond, water garden or indoor water feature.

From the recognizable, elegant lotus flowers with their pink or white petals, to the vibrant colors of water hyacinths, there is a rich diversity of flowers that grow in water. In fact, there are at least 16 distinct types of aquatic flowers, each with their unique characteristics and growing requirements. Some of these flowers include crocus, daffodils, hyacinths, tulips, begonias, geraniums, and impatiens, just to name a few.

These water-loving plants not only contribute to the aesthetic appeal of any water-based environment, but they also play an important role in maintaining a healthy ecological balance. Whether in the wild or in a carefully managed garden setting, aquatic flowers offer benefits such as improving water quality and providing habitat for various forms of aquatic life. With all these attributes, there is no wonder why flowers that grow in water continue to captivate the hearts of gardeners, nature enthusiasts, and flower lovers alike.

Types of Flowers That Grow in Water

Flowers that grow in water are unique and captivating, offering a wide variety of colors, shapes, and sizes. They thrive in different water environments, making them an excellent choice to add to your water garden, pond, or aquatic plant collection. The following list includes various aquatic flowers and plants that you can grow in your garden.


Lotuses are elegant, typically pink or white and can grow up to a foot wide. Their circular foliage can reach up to 2 feet wide. These flowers can be grown in shallow or deep water, up to 8 feet deep.

Water Lily

Water lilies are known for their flat, round leaves that float on the water’s surface. They have colorful blooms that emerge above the water and suit both large and small water bodies.


Although not completely aquatic, hydrangeas enjoy moist environments and can be grown close to water features. They have large, showy flowers that come in various colors, depending on soil pH levels.


Cannas are tropical plants that thrive near water, featuring tall stalks with lush foliage and vibrant flowers. They can be added to bog gardens or along the edge of ponds, making them an eye-catching addition.


The semi-aquatic Iris prefers shallow water covering its crown. The plant has long, slender leaves and elegant flowers in various colors, making it a beautiful addition to any water garden.


Pickerelweed is a perennial aquatic plant with heart-shaped leaves and spikes of lavender-blue flowers. It grows well in shallow water and attracts pollinators like butterflies and bees.


Arrowhead, named after its arrow-shaped leaves, is an aquatic plant producing delicate white flowers. It grows in shallow water and can make an attractive addition to ponds and marshy areas.

Water Poppy

This floating plant has small, round leaves and yellow flowers resembling poppies. Water poppies thrive in full sun and prefer standing water or highly wet soil.

Swamp Rose Mallow

Also known as hardy hibiscus or perennial hibiscus, Swamp Rose Mallow is a moisture-loving shrub that produces large, showy flowers in various shades of pink and white.

Water Hawthorn

Water hawthorn is a semi-aquatic plant with long, narrow leaves and white, fragrant flowers. It blooms in the spring and autumn and prefers cool, still water.

Golden Club

This aquatic plant produces unique club-shaped flowers with a bright yellow tip. It grows well in shallow water along the edges of ponds or streams.

Water Hyacinth

Water hyacinth is a fast-growing, floating plant producing lavender or blue flowers. It provides a habitat for wildlife and can help control algae growth. However, it can be invasive in some areas, so it’s essential to manage its growth.

Water Lettuce

With its round and soft leaves, water lettuce resembles a floating lettuce plant. It’s an excellent choice for providing shade and shelter for fish and other aquatic life but can be invasive if not managed correctly.


A tiny floating plant, duckweed is beneficial for filtering water and providing nutrients for aquatic animals. It grows rapidly and can be invasive, so it may need regular maintenance.

Water Forget-Me-Not

These charming plants produce small, blue flowers with yellow centers. They grow in damp soil or shallow water and create an attractive border along the water’s edge.

Blazing Star

Blazing stars are known for their tall spikes covered in vibrant, star-shaped flowers. They enjoy wet soil and can be planted along pond edges or in bog gardens.

In conclusion, there are numerous aquatic flowers and plants that can enhance the beauty of your water garden or pond. Each offers a unique appearance and some even provide benefits such as improved water quality or shelter for aquatic wildlife. With so many options, you’ll surely find the perfect additions to your aquatic landscape.

Caring for Water-Growing Flowers

When it comes to caring for flowers that grow in water, several factors must be taken into account to ensure their health and vibrant growth. This section will cover the essential aspects, such as light requirements, water quality, fertilization, pest control, and pruning.

Light Requirements

Different aquatic flowers thrive under various light conditions. Some plants require full sun, while others do well in partial shade. Make sure you research the specific lighting needs of the flowers you grow and provide the appropriate amount of sunlight.

Water Quality

Water quality plays a crucial role in the well-being of water-growing flowers. Keep the water clean by removing debris and decaying plant matter to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria and algae. Maintain proper water pH levels and temperature to provide a healthy environment for the aquatic plants.


Like all plants, aquatic flowers need nutrients to grow and flourish. Apply a water-soluble fertilizer according to the manufacturer’s instructions, and make sure to dilute it to one-quarter the suggested strength. It is essential to fertilize the plants regularly, typically every four to six weeks, or as needed based on their appearance and growth rate.

Pest Control

Aquatic flowers can sometimes attract pests. Keep an eye out for insects and other organisms that could cause harm to your plants. Use safe, natural approaches to control pests, such as introducing beneficial insects or applying organic treatments.


Regularly remove spent flowers and yellowing foliage to keep the aquatic plants looking healthy and tidy. Trim away any excess growth and thin out overcrowded areas. Pruning encourages new growth and helps prevent the spread of disease and pests.

By addressing these essential factors, you can create the best environment for your water-growing flowers to thrive and brighten your aquatic garden with their beautiful blooms.

Environmental Benefits and Considerations

Flowers that grow in water not only add beauty and natural aesthetics to aquatic environments but also provide various environmental benefits. These plants play a pivotal role in maintaining a healthy aquatic ecosystem, purifying water, and providing habitat for aquatic creatures. Some flowers have medicinal properties, while others help to balance the ecosystem and protect water quality.

Aquatic flowers contribute to reducing erosion along shorelines and riverbanks. They achieve this by stabilizing the soil with their root systems and mitigating the impacts of waves and currents. In addition, they assist in the process of nutrient uptake and removal of pollutants, creating a healthier environment for both plant and animal life.

However, when selecting flowers that grow in water, it is essential to consider their ecological compatibility with the surrounding environment. Some non-native species can become invasive, outcompeting native plants and disrupting the natural balance of the ecosystem. Therefore, choosing native species that are adapted to your region’s specific climate and conditions is crucial.

Some factors to consider when selecting flowers for an aquatic environment include:

  • Optimal water depth for the plant
  • Light requirements (full sun, partial shade, etc.)
  • Temperature and hardiness zones
  • Soil and water pH levels
  • Interaction with native species and potential for invasiveness

In conclusion, aquatic flowers can positively impact their environment by providing essential ecological services. However, it is crucial to make responsible choices when selecting these plants, to maintain the delicate balance of aquatic ecosystems and protect the wellbeing of native species in the area.