How Much Space Do Bell Peppers Need to Grow? (Fully Explained)

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Growing bell peppers in your garden can be a rewarding experience, but understanding how much space they need to thrive is essential for a successful harvest. In this article, we will explore the topic of spacing for bell pepper plants, ensuring that you provide the optimal conditions for them to grow and produce a bountiful crop.

Bell peppers, or Capsicum annuum, are popular plants to grow due to their versatility in various dishes and their vibrant colors. Proper spacing between plants is a crucial factor to consider, as it affects their overall health and productivity. By following the guidelines discussed here, you can ensure that your bell peppers have the room they need to flourish and provide you with delicious, homegrown produce.

Choosing the Right Bell Pepper Variety

When planning your bell pepper garden, it is crucial to select a variety suited to your needs and climate. Several bell pepper varieties thrive in various conditions, offering varying flavors and colors to enrich your culinary experiences.

Some popular varieties include:

  • California Wonder: A classic choice, producing glossy green peppers that can turn red when mature.
  • Purple Beauty: A visually striking option with purple-hued fruits that are both sweet and flavorful.
  • Orange Sun: As the name suggests, this variety is known for its vibrant orange color, adding a pop to any dish when ripened fully.
  • Chocolate Beauty: A unique variety with a rich brown color and a distinct sweetness.

Consider factors like sun exposure, soil quality, and water availability in your growing location, as bell peppers require 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight and well-draining soil with a pH level of 6.5 to 7.

When planting, follow the general rule of one seed per square foot for bell and jalapeño peppers. This spacing will allow ample room for the plants to grow and spread. Do not crowd your plants; planning is essential to ensure they receive the necessary nutrients and support for robust growth.

By selecting the right bell pepper variety, you will be on track for a flourishing garden and enjoying delicious, homegrown produce.

Space Requirements for Bell Peppers

In the Garden

Bell peppers require adequate space to grow and develop properly. Providing enough room for each plant ensures they receive sufficient light, air circulation, and water, which are essential for their growth and productivity. It is recommended to space bell pepper plants 18-24 inches apart.

When planting in a garden, it is essential to remember the following:

  • Avoid planting bell peppers where nightshades grew in the previous year.
  • Keep pepper plants away from tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplants, as they belong to the same family.

Implementing crop rotation and planting beans in between these crops can help minimize the risk of diseases and pests.

In Containers

Bell peppers can also be grown successfully in containers, but it is crucial to choose the right container size. One bell pepper plant per container usually suffices, and using a pot with a 12-inch diameter is recommended.

Bell peppers grown in containers need the same care as those planted in the garden, including:

  • 6 to 8 hours of sunlight daily.
  • Well-draining soil.
  • Regular watering.

If you are growing multiple containers, maintain the same 18-24 inch spacing between them as you would in a garden setting for proper air circulation and light exposure.

Planting Methods and Tips

Soil Preparation

For optimal bell pepper growth, it is vital to commence with properly tilled, silt-like soil that facilitates adequate drainage. Ensure that the sowing ground is exposed to six to eight hours of sunlight per day and abstain from areas that hosted nightshade plants the previous year. If feasible, intersperse your pepper field with beans to isolate it from tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplants. Raised beds and container cultivation are also suitable methods for cultivating bell peppers.

Planting Depth and Technique

Begin by sowing bell pepper seeds about 1/4″ deep in a loamy, well-drained potting mix. Use a soil thermometer probe to ensure the soil temperature is consistently above 60°F, ideally between 80-90°F. This can be achieved by placing a heating pad underneath the planting container.

When planting from seed, place two to three seeds per hole. However, if you’re transplanting seedlings, ensure each plant is spaced 12-18 inches apart in rows that are 24-36 inches apart. This will provide adequate air circulation and sunlight for the bell peppers to grow.

Some additional planting tips include:

  • Regularly check soil moisture and water when the top 1 inch of soil is dry
  • Apply a layer of mulch to help retain moisture and suppress weed growth
  • Provide support, such as stakes or cages, as the plants grow taller and start producing fruit

Caring for Bell Pepper Plants


Consistent and adequate watering is essential for bell pepper plants. Aim to provide 1-2 inches of water per week. It’s important to water deeply and gradually, allowing the moisture to penetrate the soil and reach the roots. Over-watering can cause problems, so ensure that the soil is well-drained and the plants are not sitting in puddles of water. You can use a soil thermometer probe to help manage soil temperature and moisture levels.


Bell peppers thrive with proper fertilization. Start with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer when transplanting the seedlings into the garden. As the plants begin to flower and set fruit, switch to a fertilizer high in phosphorus and potassium to support fruit production. Follow package directions and never over-fertilize, as this can harm the plants’ growth.


  • Remove lower leaves and branches to promote air circulation.
  • Pinch off early flowers to encourage a stronger plant.
  • Trim excessive growth to maintain an open canopy and support fruit development.
  • Remove any unhealthy or diseased leaves and branches.

Disease and Pest Control

Disease prevention is crucial for bell pepper plants. Properly spacing the plants, providing adequate air circulation, and practicing crop rotation in your garden can help prevent diseases. Use clean, well-drained soil and remove any infected plant material as soon as it’s detected.

Keep an eye out for pests, such as aphids, cucumber beetles, and whiteflies. Introducing beneficial insects like ladybugs and lacewings can help control unwanted pests. Continue to monitor your plants and use organic insecticides if necessary. But always follow product instructions and avoid applying them when the plants are in bloom, as this can harm pollinators.

Harvesting and Storing Bell Peppers

The proper timing of bell pepper harvesting is critical for optimal results. To achieve the best outcomes, pick the peppers when they are evenly colored, and they feel somewhat weighty and sturdy in proportion to their size. Utilize a sterilized, sharp cutter or hand pruner to detach the fruit, leaving a one-inch stem attached to ensure the plant’s continued productivity. (The Spruce) .

Effectively storing your bell peppers post-harvest can significantly prolong their lifespan. If you plan on using the peppers within one to two weeks, short-term refrigeration is an excellent storage method. Start by washing the peppers with water, drying them off thoroughly, and placing them in a perforated plastic bag. Store the bag in the crisper section of your fridge to maintain optimal temperature and humidity (Harvest to Table) .

For longer storage periods, bell peppers can be washed, seeded, sliced, and frozen for eight to ten months. Here are the steps to freeze bell peppers (The Spruce) :

  • Wash the peppers and pat them dry.
  • Remove the seeds and slice them to the desired size.
  • Spread the sliced peppers on a parchment-lined baking sheet.
  • Place the baking sheet in the freezer until the peppers are fully frozen.
  • Transfer the frozen pepper slices into airtight containers or freezer bags.
  • Label the containers or bags with the date and return them to the freezer for storage.

In addition to these methods, bell peppers can also be stored by pickling, drying, or canning. These storage techniques can help preserve your bell peppers and ensure you have a flavorful supply for months to come.

Helpful Video on Bell Pepper Spacing

To get an in-depth look at bell pepper spacing and growing bell pepper properly check out this video below…