How Are Monstera Albos Made: The Essential Propagation Guide

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Monstera albos, a stunning variegated tropical plant, have become increasingly popular among houseplant enthusiasts. These exotic plants require specific care to retain their unique variegation and healthy growth. In this article, readers will discover the fascinating process behind the creation of monstera albos and essential care tips to help these plants thrive.

The Science of Variegation

Variegation, a unique characteristic found in plants like the Monstera Albo or Monstera Borsigiana Albo, is caused by a combination of various genetic and environmental factors. This phenomenon results in differently colored zones on the leaves and stems due to an uneven distribution of chlorophyll.

Genetic Factors

Variegation, particularly in the Monstera Albo, is attributed to genetic mutations that prevent the full production of chlorophyll in certain plant cells. As a result, it creates visually appealing patterns on the leaves. This genetic mutation limits the propagation of variegated plants, making them rare and highly sought-after. Unlike other plants that can be produced from seeds, variegated Monsteras have to be propagated from existing plants with the specific mutation, contributing to their higher costs and limited availability.

Environmental Influences

Environmental factors, such as light exposure, can also impact variegation in plants. Low light levels can sometimes result in the loss of variegation, as the plant reverts to producing more chlorophyll to maximize photosynthesis for survival. Therefore, providing adequate light is essential for maintaining variegation in Monstera Albo plants. The Thai Constellation, another variety of Monstera, is an exception to this rule, having stable variegation that isn’t affected by light conditions.

In conclusion, variegation in Monstera Albo plants is a fascinating result of the interplay between genetics and environmental factors. Understanding these influences is not only essential for proper plant care, but it also makes it easier to appreciate the unique beauty of these variegated plants.

Propagation and Cultivation

Monstera albos are created through a unique process involving propagation and specialized cultivation techniques. In this section, we will explore how these plants are propagated and the ideal conditions for their growth.

Propagating Monstera Albos

Propagation is the process of creating new plants from existing ones, and Monstera albos are typically propagated from stem cuttings. To propagate Monstera albos, follow these simple steps:

  • Select a healthy stem with at least one aerial root and a variegated leaf.
  • Make a clean cut below a node of the stem, ensuring that the cutting includes the aerial root.
  • Place the cutting in water, being sure to submerge the aerial root and node, and change the water weekly.
  • Wait for the root system to develop, which usually takes four to six weeks.
  • Once roots have formed, the cutting is ready to be planted in soil for further growth.

Cultivation Techniques

To provide a suitable environment for the growth and development of your Monstera albo, consider the following cultivation tips:

  • Soil: Choose a rich and well-draining soil mix consisting of equal parts of perlite, coco peat, orchid bark, and coco coir. For additional nutrients, add natural fertilizers like worm castings.
  • Light: Monstera albos thrive in bright, indirect light. Direct sunlight can burn variegated parts of the leaves, causing them to lose their characteristic coloration.
  • Humidity: Ensure a high humidity environment, preferably above 60%, to maintain healthy growth. Consider using a humidifier or placing your plant near other humidity-loving plants.
  • Watering: Water your Monstera albo when the top one to two inches of soil become dry. Over-watering can lead to root rot, so it is essential to adjust your watering schedule according to the season and temperature.

By adhering to these propagation and cultivation techniques, you can successfully grow and nurture a thriving Monstera albo plant.

Maintaining Variegation

Appropriate Care

Variegated Monstera Albo plants require specific care to maintain their unique appearance. Ensuring adequate light is essential, as these plants thrive in bright, indirect sunlight. Providing a minimum of six to seven hours of filtered light daily is recommended. It’s crucial to avoid placing them in direct sunlight, as their variegated leaves can be more sensitive to sunburn.

Choosing the right soil is another key factor in maintaining variegation. Monstera Albos prefer light, well-draining soil to prevent root rot and promote healthy foliage. Careful attention to watering is also important in preserving the plant’s appearance, avoiding overwatering or letting the soil become too dry.

Managing Genetic Drift

While maintaining the overall health of a variegated Monstera Albo is essential, managing genetic drift is also crucial in preserving its unique variegation. Variegation in Monstera Albos is due to genetic mutations inhibiting full chlorophyll production, which results in the distinctive white and green patterns on their leaves.

Over time, these genetic mutations can change, either increasing or decreasing the percentage of variegation in the plant. Monitoring your Monstera Albo’s variegation regularly and propagating it using appropriate techniques can help maintain its striking appearance. Taking stem cuttings from sections with a good balance of green and white is important, as this will help ensure the propagation process produces a new plant with a similar level of variegation.


In summary, the rarity of Monstera Albo is a result of its genetic mutation which occurs in only one out of every 100,000 specimens. This rarity, combined with its slow growth and difficulty to propagate, leads to the high demand and cost for these stunning plants.

When it comes to caring for Monstera Albo, providing moderate to bright indirect light, maintaining a well-draining potting mix, and promoting humidity are essential factors for a healthy plant. Monstera Albo can tolerate low-light situations, but it is crucial to move it indoors if frost is expected in your climate.

Understanding these care requirements will allow you to successfully nurture your Monstera Albo, ensuring that its unique beauty and characteristics can be fully appreciated.