This article, “Monstera Epipremnoides vs. Adansonii,” will cover everything you need to know about the key similarities and differences between the two Monstera varieties.
So, without further ado, read on to discover:
- An overview of Monstera Epipremnoides and Monstera Adansonii.
- A detailed explanation of key similarities between the two Monsteras.
- A detailed description of key differences between the two Monstera species.
- Answers to some frequently asked questions about the two Monstera varieties.
Monstera is a genus of the Araceae family, native to Central and South America, commonly known as the “Swiss Cheese” due to unique perforations or holes in the plant’s leaves.
Monstera species are popular as indoor houseplants among serious Monstera collector(s). Currently, there are several species within the genus; some of the most well-known include:
Native to the tropical rainforests of Mexico, Honduras, and Guatemala and often grown as a houseplant, Monstera Epipremnoides is a species of climbing plant in the family Araceae.
Monstera Epipremnoides is known for its large, deeply lobed, glossy leaves that can grow up to 3 feet long and aerial roots that it uses to climb on surfaces in the natural environment.
Although Monstera Epipremnoides is a relatively easy plant to care for, it requires warm temperatures and high humidity followed by indirect light and well-draining soil to thrive.
Native to Panama, Colombia, parts of southern Mexico, and the West Indies, Monstera Adansonii is a species of climbing plant in the Arums family Araceae.
Monstera Adansonii is known for its large, waxy-textured, heart-shaped, dark green leaves that can grow up to 2 feet long in a single season and uses aerial roots to climb on surfaces.
As a plant with true tropical origins, Monstera Adansonii is not cold-hardy; thus, it requires bright, indirect light, temperature (18 to 27 °C), and humidity above 60% to grow endlessly.
Read Next: Monstera Types
Monstera Epipremnoides vs. Adansonii — Key Differences
To help you decide which plant is best for your houseplant collection and gardening style, let’s take a closer look at the distinct features of Monstera Epipremnoides and Monstera Adansonii.
Monstera Epipremnoides and Monstera Adansonii are both species of climbing plants in the Arums family Araceae, but they are taxonomically quite different from one another.
Monstera Epipremnoides is a synonym of Monstera Deliciosa, a well-known species for its large leaves, and it’s also referred to as “Swiss Cheese Plant” or “Split-Leaf Philodendron.”
This species is native to the tropical rainforests of Mexico and Panama, and it’s a popular houseplant because of its large green leaves and tolerance to low natural sunlight conditions.
Monstera Adansonii, also known as “Five Holes Plant” or “Adanson’s Monstera,” is a smaller version of Monstera Deliciosa and is more suitable for smaller spaces and hanging baskets.
In conclusion, Epipremnoides is a synonym of Deliciosa, a well-known species for its large leaves, while Adansonii is a smaller version with smaller leaves and is suitable for small spaces.
Monstera Epipremnoides is native to the tropical rainforests of Mexico, Honduras, and Guatemala, while Monstera Adansonii is native to the rainforests of Panama and Colombia.
The different regions where they are found would also mean variations in the environmental conditions each species is adapted to, such as temperature, rainfall, and humidity.
These variations in the native habitat of Epipremnoides and Adansonii can also affect their growth and development and the shape, size, and color of Epipremnoides and Adansonii leaves.
The main difference in growing habits between the two species is that Monstera Adansonii is a climbing vine, while Monstera Epipremnoides is a more upright, shrub-like mature plant.
Additionally, Monstera Adansonii has smaller leaves with more fenestrations (holes) and splits compared to Monstera Epipremnoides, which has larger leaves with fewer holes.
Considering that Monstera Adansonii is a climbing vine, it needs support to grow on. This could be a trellis (wooden/metal), a moss pole, stakes, or even a piece of string or wire.
As the plant grows, it will cling to the support using adventitious roots, specialized roots grown from the stem that absorb moisture and nutrients from the air and help in climbing.
On the other hand, since Monstera Epipremnoides is a more upright, shrub-like plant that can stand alone, it doesn’t need support to climb on and will grow in a compact, bushy shape.
Leaf Shape, Appearance, and Fenestrations
Monstera Adansonii has smaller leaves with more fenestrations (holes) and splits compared to Monstera Epipremnoides, which has larger leaves with only fewer fenestration pattern.
The leaf shape of the Adansonii is more oval with many holes that can form a pattern on the leaf, while the Epipremnoides leaf is more round with a less distinct fenestration pattern.
Additionally, Monstera Adansonii leaves are smaller in size and have a more delicate appearance, while the leaves of Monstera Epipremnoides are larger and more robust.
Roots and Stems
Monstera Epipremnoides has a more upright, shrub-like growth habit, with a single stem that can grow several feet tall. The stem is thick and can be dark green or brown in color.
Monstera Adansonii, on the other hand, is a climbing vine, which means it will need support, like a trellis, a moss pole, or stakes, to grow. It has thin, delicate stems that are green in color.
As the plant grows, it will cling to the support using adventitious roots, specialized roots grown from the stem that absorb moisture and nutrients from the air and help in climbing.
Fruits and Flowers
Monstera Epipremnoides produces orange-yellow fruits that resemble a small ear of corn. These fruits are edible and are typically eaten by birds and other animals in the wild.
Adansonii, on the other hand, produces less visible or no fruits and is known for its foliage rather than fruit production. The flowers are small and white, mostly hidden among the leaves.
It’s worth mentioning that both species may not produce fruits or flowers if they are grown as indoor plants, as they may not receive the exact conditions they need to trigger blooming.
Monstera Epipremnoides has a slower growth rate compared to Monstera Adansonii. This means it will take longer for Monstera Epipremnoides to reach its full size and potential.
Monstera Adansonii, on the other hand, has a faster growth rate, which means it will grow more quickly and can potentially reach its full size sooner than Monstera Epipremnoides.
Also, Monstera Epipremnoides can grow several feet tall, while Monstera Adansonii will grow up to a few feet, depending on the support (trellis, moss pole, or stakes) it’s climbing on.
Monstera Epipremnoides is considered less common and tends to be more expensive than Monstera Adansonii. This is because it’s harder to find and takes longer to propagate and grow.
Monstera Adansonii is widely available and relatively cheaper than Epipremnoides. This is because it’s easier to propagate and grow, making it more affordable for nurseries and growers.
However, it’s important to note that Monstera Adansoni and Monstera Epipremnoides’ cost also depends on the size and quality of the plant and the location where you purchase it.
Some nurseries may charge more for a particular plant species, while others may charge less. As always, it’s best to shop around and compare prices before making a purchase.
One of the main differences between Monstera Epipremnoides and Adansonii is the shape and size of their petioles—the stem-like structures connecting the leaf blade to the plant’s stem.
Monstera Epipremnoides has relatively thick, green petioles almost the same width as the leaf blade. Not many plant parents know, but they are usually longer than the leaf blade.
Monstera Adansonii, on the other hand, has thinner, green petioles that are much narrower than the leaf blade. As opposed to Epipremnoides, they are usually shorter than the leaf blade.
Monstera Epipremnoides is known to shed its old yellow leaves that become dry before falling off. This is a natural process that helps the plant conserve energy and focus on new growth.
It’s important to note that this process, also known as senescence, can be accelerated by environmental factors such as lack of water, inadequate light, or pest infestation.
Although there’s nothing to be worried about, as long as it’s not happening to all of the leaves, it’s best to ensure that the plant is getting the right amount of light, water, and nutrients.
Monstera Adansonii, on the other hand, may not shed its old Adansonii leaves (dead leaves) as frequently as Monstera Epipremnoides leaves and may hold onto them for longer periods.
Monstera Epipremnoides vs. Adansonii — Key Similarities
While the two Monstera species have distinct differences, they also share many similarities. Below we’ll explore them so you can better understand these beloved tropical plants.
Root System and Soil
Both Monstera Epipremnoides and Monstera Adansonii have similar root ball, which is fibrous and tend to be relatively shallow compared to the size of the plant as well as leaf size.
The root ball of Monstera Epipremnoides and Monstera Adansonii prefer to be slightly pot-bound, meaning the roots should be confined somewhat within the plant pot and potting mix.
When it comes to soil, both Epipremnoides and Adansonii can be grown in various substrates but do well in a well-draining, humus-rich soil, achieved by mixing orchid bark and coco coir.
This type of soil allows for proper water drainage and prevents the roots from becoming waterlogged, leading to root rot (a disease that attacks soggy soil or constantly moist soil).
Apart from damaging the root system and causing root rot, the humus in the Epipremnoides and Adansonii soil provides the plants with the necessary nutrients for healthy growth.
To conclude, Epipremnoides and Adansonii are both tropical plants that require well-draining, humus-rich soil with slightly acidic to neutral pH and high humidity levels for optimal growth.
Humidity and Temperature
Both Monstera Epipremnoides and Monstera Adansonii are tropical by nature; thus, they require high humidity to thrive and benefit from regular misting or a humidifier nearby.
Therefore, consider using a humidifier or placing a pebble tray under the plant pot to increase humidity levels. Another option is to group multiple plants, creating a humid microclimate.
While these plants can tolerate a wide range of temperatures, they prefer temperatures between 60-80°F (15-27°C), with a minimum of 55°F (13°C) and a maximum of 90°F (32°C).
In short, both Monstera Epipremnoides and Monstera Adansonii prefer specific ranges to grow pleasingly and should be protected from drafts and sudden temperature changes.
Both Monstera Epipremnoides and Adansonii are tropical by nature and prefer bright, indirect light; however, they can tolerate a wide range of light levels/conditions (from high to low).
Moreover, both Monstera plants do well in a room with east or west-facing windows or under a fluorescent light. In the rainforest canopy, they enjoy dappled light (dappled sunlight).
Also, when moving these Monstera plants to a brighter location, it’s essential to do it gradually, as sudden exposure to bright sunlight can cause leaf texture and leaf color burn.
Both Monstera Epipremnoides and Adansonii are considered to be non-toxic to humans and pets. They are generally safe to have as an indoor plant in a household with children and pets.
However, as with any Monstera houseplant, it’s always best to supervise children and pets around the plants and ensure that they do not mistakenly or intentionally ingest any parts.
It’s also important to note that, like all plants, Monstera species produce various chemicals that can cause skin irritation, allergic reactions, or respiratory issues if ingested.
So, it’s always best to handle these plants carefully and teach yourself, as well as your children, to wash both hands rigorously after touching any of the two Monstera genus.
Both Epipremnoides and Adansonii are susceptible to common indoor plant pests such as mealybugs, spider mites, and scale insects, which can cause damage and spread diseases.
Mealybugs are small, white, cottony insects on the leaves undersides and at the stem’s base. They suck the sap out while causing the yellowing of leaves, wilting, and even leaf size drop.
Spider mites are tiny, red, or green, spider-like insects found on the mature leaves’ undersides that can cause stippling (tiny yellow or white spots) and eventually turn them yellow in color.
Scale insects are small, brown, or black, armored insects found on the stems and leaves. They suck the sap out of the plant and can cause the yellowing of leaves, wilting, and even dropping.
To control these pests, it’s best first to identify them and then use a suitable pesticide or a gentle liquid fertilizer. For heavy infestations, you may need to isolate the plant or prune it.
Pruning and Propagation
Epipremnoides and Adansonii are both species of tropical vining plants that can be pruned by cutting off any brown or yellow leaves and trimming back any long or overgrown vines.
Not only that, but considering that both are known to be fast growers, regular pruning may be necessary to keep them in shape, especially to encourage healthy and long-term growth.
When it comes to propagation, both plants are relatively easy to propagate and will grow well in warm and humid conditions. Continue reading to discover different propagation methods.
To propagate Monstera Epipremnoides and Adansonii through stem cuttings, take a 4-6 inches long stem cutting, with at least 2-3 nodes (the point where leaves grow from the stem).
Remove the leaves from the bottom nodes, dip the stem cuttings’ end in rooting hormone powder, place it in a well-draining potting mix, and keep it in a warm, humid space.
Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged, and roots should begin to grow in a few weeks. Once roots are established, transplant them into a garden or a larger indoor pot with drainage holes.
Another similarity is that both Monstera Epipremnoides and Adansonii can be propagated using air layering. This method is good for varieties that are hard to root or have sturdy stems.
To propagate Monstera Epipremnoides and Adansonii through air layering, make a wound on the stem, dust it with rooting hormone powder, and wrap it with damp sphagnum moss.
Now wrap plastic around sphagnum moss to keep it moist. After a few weeks, you’ll see that roots have formed at the wound. Once done, separate the rooted section and pot it up.
Both species also can be propagated using stem tip cutting, a traditional method that requires a stem tip with at least two Adansonii or Epipremnoides leaves, which can be planted in soil.
USDA Hardiness Zones
Both Monstera Epipremnoides and Adansonii are not hardy in cold temperatures – they are best grown in warm, humid environments and cannot tolerate frost or freezing temperatures.
The USDA hardiness zones for both rare plants are Zone 11 and Zone 10, respectively, which means they can only be grown outdoors in areas that never fall below 40°F (4°C).
Moreover, these plants can also be grown as houseplants or in a greenhouse in areas with colder climates, but they will not survive outside in most parts of the United States.
It’s important to note that the Hardiness Zone is a general guide, and other factors such as microclimate, soil moisture, and overall care can also affect the survival of both plants.
Thus, it’s always best to consult with a local nursery or gardening expert for more specific advice on growing Monstera Epipremnoides and Adansonii in your specific area/location.
Frequently Asked Questions
Now that you know the key similarities and differences between the two, this brings us to the end of this article. As a bonus, we’ve taken the time to answer some burning questions.
How to Prune Monstera Epipremnoides?
To prune a Monstera Epipremnoides, you will want to follow these steps:
- Locate any yellow or brown leaves and cut them off at the base of the stem.
- Look for any long, leggy stems on the swiss cheese vine and cut them back to a node.
- If the Monstera variety has grown too large for its current pot, you can also consider repotting it into a larger container with drainage holes with fresh potting soil.
- Use pruning shears or clean, sharp scissors to make clean cuts, and be sure to sterilize all the tools to prevent the spread of disease when pruning two or more plants.
- Keep an eye on the following weeks, and give Monstera a good watering if the soil is dry.
Note: Monstera Epipremnoides is a climbing plant, and it’s best to allow it to climb.
What Are Some Adansonii and Monstera Epipremnoides Care Tips?
Here are some tips for both Adansonii and Monstera Epipremnoides’ care.
- The first tip for Adansonii and Monstera Epipremnoides care is to keep the soil moist but not waterlogged and allow the top inch of soil to dry out before watering again.
- Consider placing a humidifier nearby or placing them on a tray of pebbles filled with water to increase the humidity around the plant’s flattened circle or ellipse.
- Feed monthly with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer during the growing season.
- Repot every 2-3 years when the plant outgrows or the potting mix breaks down.
- Prune regularly to control the size of the plant and remove any dead leaves.
Where Does Monstera Epipremnoides Originate?
Monstera Epipremnoides is a species of flowering plant in the family Araceae, native to Central and South America. However, research on this Monstera variety shows that Monstera Epipremnoides originated from the rainforests of Mexico, Honduras, and Guatemala.
How to Identify Monstera Epipremnoides?
Epipremnoides can be easily identified by their large leaves with leathery texture and fenestrations. They are typically lighter green but may have a slightly yellow or grayish hue.
What Is the Ideal Range of Temperature Monstera Epipremnoides?
While Epipremnoides can tolerate a wide range of temperatures, they prefer temperatures between 60-80°F (15-27°C), with a minimum of 55°F (13°C) and a maximum of 90°F (32°C).
My name is Daniel Elrod, and I have been houseplant love ever since I was 17. I love how much joy they bring to any room in the home. I’ve always been amazed at how a few pots of flowing leaves can turn a drab and sterile office into an inviting place where people love to work at.