How to Braid a Ficus Tree: Simple Steps for Beautiful Results

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Tools and Materials Needed

To braid a ficus tree successfully, it is essential to gather the necessary tools and materials beforehand. This will ensure a smooth process and allow you to focus on the braiding technique.

First, you will need a ficus tree with at least three stems that are flexible enough to be braided. This can be a young tree or a mature tree with new growth. The stems should be healthy and free of any signs of disease or pests.

The following tools and materials should also be prepared:

  • Stakes or support sticks: Wooden or bamboo stakes are ideal for providing support to the ficus tree while you are braiding its stems. These stakes should be tall enough to extend up to the bottom of the foliage (source).
  • Sharp pruning shears: These should be sterilized to ensure that the ficus tree remains healthy and unaffected by any potential pathogens.
  • Soft cloth or gloves: These will help protect your hands and provide a better grip on the ficus stems while braiding.
  • Twist ties or soft plant ties: These will be used to secure the braided stems together by wrapping around them at intervals or at the end of the braid.
  • Rooting hormone (optional): If you are also propagating a new ficus tree from a stem cutting, rooting hormone can be used to promote root growth (source).

With these tools and materials ready, you can now begin the process of braiding your ficus tree.

Preparing the Ficus Tree

To braid a ficus tree, it is essential to prepare the plant properly. This section will discuss selecting a healthy ficus, watering, and pruning to ensure the best outcome.

Selecting a Healthy Ficus

When choosing a ficus tree for braiding, it is crucial to pick a healthy plant with flexible stems. Ideally, the trunks should be less than 1 inch in diameter, as thin and supple branches are easier to braid without breaking. It is also advisable to select three young ficus plants that can be planted closely together in a sturdy pot.


Proper watering is essential for the health and growth of your ficus tree. Keep the soil consistently moist but not soaking wet. Ficus trees prefer well-drained soil and may suffer from root rot if they sit in water for too long. Overwatering can lead to yellowing leaves, dropping foliage, and potential fungal infections. Underwatering can result in dry, shriveled leaves, slowed growth, and stress. Finding a balance in watering helps maintain a healthy plant with pliable stems for braiding.


Before braiding your ficus tree, it’s important to prune away any small twigs or branches to make the stems easier to manipulate. When pruning, make cuts just above the branch to be left, with a slight slant down the back of the branch being removed. This practice encourages new growth and maintains the overall health of the tree. Keeping the stems free of excess growth ensures a smoother braiding process and a more polished final appearance.

Creating the Braid Pattern

In this section, we will discuss how to create the braid pattern for your ficus tree. There are two main steps involved: choosing a braid style and braiding the trunks.

Choosing a Braid Style

Before you begin braiding your ficus tree, it’s essential to choose a suitable braid style that matches your aesthetic preferences and the tree’s growth pattern. Some common braid styles include the classic three-strand braid, four-strand braid, and even a more intricate five-strand braid.

When choosing a braid style, consider factors such as the thickness of the tree trunks and the desired final appearance. For beginners, it is recommended to start with the three-strand braid, as it is the simplest to execute and requires the least amount of maintenance.

Braiding the Trunks

Once you have selected your preferred braid style, follow these steps to create the braid pattern on your ficus tree:

  1. Begin by placing wooden or bamboo stakes on each side of the pot, ensuring they are tall enough to extend up to the bottom of the foliage (Hunker).
  2. Ensure that the trunks being braided are at least 14 inches long to effectively start the braid (Home Guides).
  3. Remove any extra vertical stems by cutting them off at the soil level using hand pruners.
  4. Cross one ficus branch over another, and begin braiding from there. Keep in mind to braid loosely, so you don’t risk breaking the trunks.
  5. Continue braiding up the trunks until you reach the foliage part of the plants. The height of the braid may vary depending on the style and the tree’s size.
  6. Secure the end of the braid with a soft tie, making sure not to damage the trunks or restrict growth.

Remember to periodically check the braid and adjust it as the tree continues to grow. Proper care and maintenance are crucial to ensure the health and appearance of your braided ficus tree.

Securing and Maintaining the Braid

Using Garden Tape

After you have successfully created the initial braid, it is essential to secure it in place. Using garden tape is an ideal way to keep the braided stems together, preventing them from unraveling.

Garden tape is flexible and easy to work with, while allowing room for the tree to grow. Simply wrap the tape around the point where the braid begins, and then continue wrapping it at equal intervals along the length of the braid. This will help maintain the structure and guide the tree as it continues to grow.

Ongoing Care

Providing proper care for your braided ficus tree is crucial for its growth and overall health. Ensure that you place it in a location with bright, moderate sunlight for at least six hours per day. Rotate the tree once a week to help maintain a symmetrical shape.

It’s also necessary to regularly dust the leaves in order to keep them clean and free from dirt and dust. Deep cleaning the foliage once or twice a year will help remove any greasy residue that may accumulate.

Finally, don’t forget to feed the plant every three to four weeks while it is actively growing, to ensure it receives the necessary nutrients for healthy growth.


As your ficus tree grows, it might become necessary to re-braid the stems to maintain the desired shape. To do this, carefully remove the garden tape and assess the growth of each stem. Then, trim any excess side branches, and create a new braid following the original technique. When finished, secure the newly formed braid with garden tape once again.

Re-braiding should be done with caution, as it can put stress on the tree. It is essential to wait for an appropriate window of time when the tree has shown significant growth and appears strong enough to endure the re-braiding process.

Common Issues and Solutions

Loose Braids

Loose braids in a ficus tree can occur when the branches are not tightly intertwined during the initial braiding process. To address this issue, follow these simple steps:

  1. Ensure the soil is lightly moist by watering the plant
  2. Use shears or garden pruners to remove any small twigs that might interfere with the braiding process (source)
  3. Place a wooden or bamboo stake on each side of the pot to provide support during the braiding process (source)
  4. Working from the base of the trunk, gently tighten the braids while adjusting the stakes for support if needed

Unhealthy Ficus

There are several factors that can contribute to an unhealthy ficus tree. Some common issues and their solutions are outlined below:

Under or Overwatering

Ficus trees require regular watering during the growing season. Both too much and too little water can cause root problems (source). To maintain proper hydration, make sure the soil is consistently moist but never waterlogged.

Low Humidity

Although ficus trees can tolerate low humidity, creating a humid environment can help to prevent leaf drop. You can achieve this by placing a tray with water and pebbles under the pot.

Too Little Light

Ficus trees need sufficient light to thrive. Place your tree in a well-lit area, preferably close to a window that receives plenty of natural sunlight.

Relocation or Repotting Stress

Ficus trees react to stress caused by relocation or repotting with leaf drop. Minimize this by moving the tree gradually and ensure the new location meets its lighting and humidity requirements (source).


Monitor your ficus tree for pests such as spider mites or scale insects that can cause leaf drop. If you find any pests, treat your tree with the appropriate treatment method or consult with a professional.

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