Jade plants are a diverse group of succulents known for their thick, fleshy leaves and attractive appearance. While the most common type of jade plant is the Crassula ovata, there are several other types of jade plants that can be found in cultivation. In this article, we’ll explore the different types of jade plants. We’ll also provide information on the unique characteristics of each type of jade plant, including leaf color, shape, and texture.
Origin and History
Jade plants, or Crassula ovata, are succulent plants native to the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal provinces of South Africa, as well as Mozambique [source]. These plants thrive in dry and rocky habitats where they have adapted to survive with minimal water because of their water-storing leaves.
As part of the Crassulaceae, or stonecrop family, jade plants belong to the Crassula genus. The most common variety is Crassula ovata, but there are over 1,400 varieties of Crassula, including many types of jade plants [source].
Since their introduction to other parts of the world, jade plants have become popular houseplants due to their attractive appearance and easy care. Many believe that according to Feng Shui, jade plants bring good fortune and luck into the home. As a result, they are sometimes called money plants, dollar plants, or lucky plants [source].
The jade plant’s oval-shaped leaves and shrub-like growth habit make it an appealing option for indoor gardening, and its ability to grow in diverse settings have contributed to its widespread popularity globally[source].
Main Types of Jade Plant
Jade plants are popular for growing both indoors and outdoors due to their attractive appearance and low maintenance requirements. Here, we will explore some of the main types of jade plant, such as Crassula ovata, Crassula arborescens, and Crassula ‘Hummel’s Sunset’.
Also known as the money plant, dollar plant, money tree, and lucky plant, Crassula ovata is the most common variety of jade plant. This evergreen succulent originated in the arid slopes of Mozambique and South Africa and is the most widely cultivated jade plant for use as a houseplant. It is said to invite good fortune and luck into a home according to Feng Shui.
Crassula ovata has fleshy, ovate leaves that are typically a vibrant green color, sometimes with red edges. The plant can reach up to 3 feet in height and may take on a tree-like appearance, making it a popular choice for indoor or outdoor gardening.
Another notable jade plant variety is Crassula arborescens, also known as the silver jade plant or blue bird jade. This slow-growing succulent has round, blue-gray leaves with red edges, giving it a distinctive appearance. Crassula arborescens can also reach heights of up to 3 feet, similar to Crassula ovata.
Crassula arborescens is an ideal choice for those who appreciate the look of jade plants but want a more unusual or eye-catching alternative. It requires similar care to other jade plants, making it a low-maintenance and attractive addition to any space.
Crassula Hummel’s Sunset
Crassula ‘Hummel’s Sunset’ is a popular cultivar of the Crassula ovata species, characterized by its golden-yellow leaves with vibrant red tips. This variety is also sometimes referred to as the golden jade plant, and its striking colors make it a standout among jade plants.
Similar to its relative Crassula ovata, this succulent is low-maintenance and well-suited to both indoor and outdoor environments. The vibrant colors of the ‘Hummel’s Sunset’ make it an excellent choice for adding visual interest and a pop of color to any space.
Jade plants require at least four hours of bright light per day to thrive. Positioning them near a south or west-facing window is ideal. However, if natural light is not adequate, consider using a grow light to ensure proper growth and development.
When it comes to watering jade plants, consistency is essential. During the summer months, water them regularly, ensuring the soil is thoroughly moistened. In the winter, reduce watering and only water when the soil is completely dry. This approach helps prevent overwatering, which can lead to root rot and other issues.
Using well-draining soil with a pH of around 6.0 is essential for healthy jade plants. A mixture of potting soil and perlite or sand is recommended to ensure proper drainage. This combination helps prevent root rot and allows the plant to absorb water and nutrients effectively.
Jade plants thrive in temperatures between 55 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. It’s important to maintain a stable temperature within this range for optimal growth. Sudden temperature changes can stress the plant, causing leaf drop and stunted growth.
Fertilizing your jade plant should be done approximately once every six months. Use a balanced water-soluble fertilizer for optimal results. Before applying the fertilizer, water your jade plant regularly to avoid fertilizer burn. Following this approach ensures the plant receives the nutrients it needs to grow healthily and maintain its vibrant appearance.
My name is Daniel Elrod, and I have been houseplant love ever since I was 17. I love how much joy they bring to any room in the home. I’ve always been amazed at how a few pots of flowing leaves can turn a drab and sterile office into an inviting place where people love to work at.