Anthurium Types: A Comprehensive Guide to Tropical Varieties

Disclosure: As Amazon Associates we earn from qualifying purchases. When you buy through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission at no additional cost to you.

Please note that while we always strive to provide 100% up to date and accurate information, there is always the small possibility of error. Therefore, we advise conducting further research and due diligence before consuming any plants or exposing pets to anything mentioned on this site. Kindly refer to the full disclaimer for more details here.

Sharing is caring!

Anthuriums are captivating tropical plants with vibrant, long-lasting blooms and lush, heart-shaped foliage. As a member of the Araceae family, anthuriums boast over 1,000 different varieties, adding a splash of color and exotic beauty to any indoor space. Not only are they visually stunning, but they also thrive as houseplants with relatively low maintenance.

Native to Central America, northern South America, and the Caribbean, anthuriums have earned several common names such as flamingo flower, little boy plant, laceleaf, and tailflower. These elegant plants can bloom throughout the year under ideal conditions, with the flowers retaining their vivid hues for months. Anthurium andraeanum, popularly known as the flamingo flower or laceleaf, is one of the most well-known and widely cultivated varieties.

Whether you’re a seasoned plant enthusiast or a beginner looking to add some tropical flair to your home, exploring the stunning anthurium varieties can be a rewarding experience. Their captivating blooms and easy-care nature make these exquisite plants a perfect addition to any space.

Anthurium Species

Araceae Family

Anthurium is a genus of around 825 species of herbaceous plants belonging to the Araceae family, native to tropical America. These plants can grow terrestrially or as epiphytes on other plants, displaying a wide range of stunning foliage patterns, colors, and shapes.

Exotic Varieties

There are several exotic Anthurium species you should consider adding to your collection:

  • Anthurium đorayaki: This hybrid is a cross between Anthurium crystallinum and Anthurium acebeyae. It showcases large, velvety, dark green leaves with iridescent silver veins and a prominent midrib.

Anthurium dorayaki ornamental plant in the garden

  • Anthurium faustomirandae: Known for its giant, elongated leaves that can grow up to 6.5 feet long, this species thrives in partial shade and well-draining soil.

There is a unique, wide green leaf with ANTHURIUM FAUSTOMIRANDAE plant species with rattan pots and gray background

  • Anthurium bonplandii: This species has heart-shaped, glossy leaves with a distinct wavy edge, making it a must-have for any exotic Anthurium enthusiast.

Fllowering Anthurium Bonplandii Guayanum Plant

Common Houseplants

Among the diverse Anthurium species, a few have become popular houseplants due to their easy care and striking appearance:

  1. Anthurium andraeanum: Also known as Flamingo Flower or Laceleaf, this species features vibrant spathes in shades of red, pink, white, or green, surrounding a spadix that can range from pale yellow to dark purple in color. It prefers bright indirect light and consistently moist soil.
  2. Anthurium scherzerianum: With spiral-shaped spadices and brilliant waxy bracts, this species is a popular choice for adding a pop of color to your indoor space. It thrives in bright indirect light and well-draining soil.
  3. Anthurium clarinervium: Known for its heart-shaped leaves with striking white veins, this species is a sought-after foliage plant rather than a flowering one. It requires bright indirect light and a well-draining potting mix.

By incorporating these Anthurium species into your plant collection, you can bring a touch of the tropics to your home while enjoying their visual appeal and relatively low-maintenance nature. Remember to provide the appropriate light and moisture conditions to ensure their health and longevity.

Anthurium Care and Growth

Watering Requirements

Anthurium plants prefer to be watered when the top 1″ to 2″ of soil dries out. Make sure that the soil does not become too dry by maintaining a moderate level of moisture, as overwatering can lead to root rot. You can check the soil’s moisture level by touching it with your fingers or using a moisture meter.

Temperature and Humidity

These tropical indoor plants thrive in bright indirect light and temperatures between 60°F and 90°F. It’s best to avoid placing your anthurium near drafts or sudden temperature fluctuations, as they can cause stress to the plant. Since anthuriums love humidity, aim to maintain a humidity level of around 80%. To increase humidity, you can:

  • Mist your plant with water daily
  • Place a tray of water near the plant
  • Use a humidifier

Fertilizing and Soil

Anthurium regular application of fertilizer can provide significant advantages to plant growth and health every other month during the growing season, which typically occurs in spring and summer. A balanced liquid fertilizer, diluted to half-strength, is suitable for promoting growth and vibrant blooms.

As for soil, anthuriums prefer a well-draining mix that retains some moisture. You can achieve this by using a combination of:

  • Peat moss or coco coir
  • Perlite or pumice
  • A small amount of compost

Properly caring for your anthurium will result in a healthy and thriving plant with beautiful blooms all year round. Remember to monitor the watering, temperature, humidity, and soil conditions to ensure the plant’s optimal growth and success.

Popular Anthurium Types

Anthurium plants are admired for their stunning and unusual appearance, making them a popular choice for houseplants. In this section, we will explore three popular types of anthuriums: Anthurium Andraeanum, Anthurium Scherzerianum, and Anthurium Clarinervium.

Anthurium Andraeanum

Also known as the Flamingo Flower or Laceleaf, the Anthurium Andraeanum is a widely recognized and popular species, often referred to simply as “Anthuriums.” These plants are easy to care for and can produce blooms almost continuously. They are characterized by their bright, waxy bracts or spathes, which look like flowers, and heart-shaped leaves with striking veined patterns.

To care for Anthurium Andraeanum, provide:

  • Indirect sunlight
  • Well-draining soil
  • Moderate humidity
  • Temperature range of 65-70°F (18-21°C)

Anthurium Scherzerianum

Anthurium Scherzerianum is a close relative of the Andraeanum but has some distinct features. This anthurium variety showcases a curly, twisted spadix and narrower leaves. It’s also known as the Tailflower due to its unique spadix shape.

When caring for Anthurium Scherzerianum, keep in mind these requirements:

  • Bright, indirect light
  • Humidity levels above 60%
  • Well-draining potting mix
  • Temperatures between 65-75°F (18-24°C)

Anthurium Clarinervium

Another popular type, the Anthurium Clarinervium, is known for its impressive, velvety, heart-shaped foliage with distinct white veins. This plant is often grown primarily for its attractive leaves rather than its flowers. However, it does produce a small, inconspicuous spadix surrounded by a green spathe.

To ensure the best growth for Anthurium Clarinervium, follow these care tips:

  • Bright, indirect sunlight
  • High humidity (around 80%)
  • Well-aerated, fertile soil
  • Optimal temperature range of 68-85°F (20-29°C)

These three anthurium types are sure to add a touch of exotic beauty to your indoor garden. Be sure to follow the specific care requirements for each variety, and soon you’ll be enjoying their splendid appearance in your home.

Potential Anthurium Problems

There are several issues that can affect the health and appearance of anthurium plants. In this section, we will discuss some of the most common problems, focusing on pest issues and disease control.

Pest Issues

Anthuriums can be prone to a variety of pests that can damage the plant’s leaves and overall health. Some common pests include:

  • Aphids: Small, sap-sucking insects that can cause leaves to turn yellow and curl up.
  • Mealybugs: White, cottony insects that can cause leaves to become discolored and stunted.
  • Spider mites: Tiny, red or brown mites that can cause leaves to turn yellow and stippled.

To keep your anthurium healthy and pest-free, it’s important to regularly inspect the plant for signs of infestations and take appropriate action. This may include:

  • Removing affected leaves or portions of the plant
  • Utilizing a natural insecticidal soap to keep pests at bay
  • Introducing beneficial insects, such as ladybugs, to help control pest populations

Disease Control

Anthuriums can also be susceptible to certain diseases that can impact their health and appearance. These diseases may stem from improper watering practices, allowing fungus and bacteria to develop around the roots. Common diseases to watch for include:

  • Root rot: Caused by overwatering and poor drainage, resulting in discolored, soft, and mushy roots.
  • Bacterial diseases: Such as bacterial blight, which can cause leaf spots, leaf yellowing, and leaf drop.
  • Fungal diseases: Including anthracnose, which can cause leaf spotting and wilting.

To prevent and control diseases, it’s essential to provide proper care for your anthurium. This may involve:

  • Ensuring appropriate watering: Allow the soil to dry slightly between waterings, as overly moist conditions can encourage disease.
  • Providing adequate air circulation: Anthuriums prefer well-ventilated environments to help prevent the buildup of moisture and humidity.
  • Regularly inspecting your plant for signs of disease and removing affected leaves or portions as needed.

Maintaining proper care, along with addressing any pest or disease issues promptly, will help ensure a healthy and thriving anthurium.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are common anthurium varieties?

Anthurium Andreanum, also known as Flamingo Lily, is a popular variety due to its vibrant heart-shaped leaves and flowers in shades of red, white, pink, and variegated colors. Another common species is Anthurium Scherzerianum, which is known for its curling orange flower spike and arrow-shaped leaves. Anthurium Crystallinum, a less common variety, has deep green velvety leaves with silver veins and is highly sought after by collectors.

How to identify different anthuriums?

To identify different anthuriums, look for their specific leaf shapes, colors, and flower spikes. For example, Anthurium Andreanum has heart-shaped leaves, while Anthurium Scherzerianum has arrow-shaped leaves with a curling orange flower spike. The less common Anthurium Crystallinum is known for its deep green velvety leaves with silver veins.

Which anthurium has longest leaves?

Among the various types of anthuriums, Anthurium Warocqueanum, also known as the Queen Anthurium, has the longest leaves. These magnificent leaves can grow up to 6.5 feet in length.

Which anthurium is easy to grow?

Anthurium Scherzerianum is considered one of the most forgiving and easiest anthuriums to grow. It is popular for its adaptability and relatively low care requirements.

Do all anthuriums have the same care requirements?

While some care requirements are common among anthuriums, such as bright indirect light, well-draining soil, and high humidity, specific varieties may have unique needs. It’s essential to research the specific care requirements of the anthurium variety you are interested in growing.

What are unique features of various anthurium types?

Unique features of different anthurium types include variations in leaf shape, flower color, and overall plant size. For example, Anthurium Andreanum has heart-shaped leaves and a straight flower spike. Anthurium Scherzerianum, on the other hand, features arrow-shaped leaves and a curling orange flower spike. Anthurium Crystallinum is known for its deep green velvety leaves with silver veins, making it a popular collector’s choice.

Helpful Video