Can You Propagate Peperomia in Water? Expert Tips & Tricks

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Peperomias are popular houseplants known for their attractive foliage and easy care requirements. One way to grow new peperomia plants is through water propagation, which involves rooting cuttings in water to create new plants. This method is simple and straightforward and doesn’t require any special equipment or tools to achieve success.

The process of propagating peperomia in water is similar to rooting other types of cuttings in water, such as pothos or philodendron. However, peperomia can be even more straightforward as you don’t always need to capture a node or growth point in the cutting for successful propagation. The versatility and adaptability of peperomias make them an ideal choice for water propagation, even for novice gardeners.

To propagate peperomia in water, you need to start with healthy stem cuttings, which you can then place into a glass or jar filled with water. Ensure that the cuttings are not overcrowded and that 1-2 leaf nodes are submerged in water for the best results. With patience and proper care, you’ll begin to see new roots and growth, eventually producing a strong and healthy peperomia plant.

Understanding Peperomia

Peperomia plants are native to tropical and subtropical regions, making them popular choices as indoor houseplants. They come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and colors, adding a touch of beauty to any space. If you are looking to expand your Peperomia collection, propagating them in water is a viable option.

To propagate Peperomia in water, begin by taking stem or leaf cuttings from a healthy plant. Make sure to select solid, non-variegated varieties for leaf-cutting propagation since variegated plants may have different rooting successes. For the best results, cut the stem or leaf close to the base, ensuring that there are a few leaves remaining on the cutting.

Before placing the cuttings in water, remove the lower leaves on the stem to prevent submersion and subsequent rot. Then, simply find a suitable container, like a jar or glass, and fill it with water up to the point where the cut stem or leaf sits. Place the cutting in the water, ensuring that at least one node on the stem is submerged. This is where new roots will emerge.

While Peperomia can grow in water, it is not the optimal long-term solution. Once roots have formed, it is essential to transfer the plant to a more suitable potting medium designed for houseplants. Ideally, mix regular potting soil with perlite, pumice, or coco coir for a light and airy consistency that encourages healthy growth. This medium will help to replicate the plant’s natural habitat on the forest floor.

Keep in mind that it is essential to maintain a consistent moisture level and to change the water regularly during the propagation process. This practice helps to prevent root rot and foster a healthy environment for your new Peperomia plants.

In conclusion, Peperomia plants can indeed be propagated in water, making it an accessible and effective method for those looking to expand their collection. However, remember to move the newly rooted cuttings to a suitable potting medium to ensure their long-term health and success.

Propagating Peperomia in Water


Before beginning the process of propagating peperomia in water, ensure that you have all the necessary equipment and materials. Gather a clean glass or jar, a sharp pair of scissors or pruning shears, and your peperomia plant. Make sure the plant is healthy and has plenty of new growth, as this will increase the chances of successful propagation.

Propagation Process

  1. Select a healthy stem from the peperomia plant that has at least 3 inches of length.
  2. Use the scissors or pruning shears to carefully snip the stem cutting, ensuring you don’t damage the surrounding growth.
  3. Remove any lower leaves from the cutting, but make sure you leave some foliage at the top.
  4. Fill the glass or jar with fresh water and submerge the bottom few inches of the stem, making sure that no leaves are touching the water. The water level should be sufficient to cover the nodes, where new roots will form. If necessary, use a clear plastic bag or plastic wrap to create a humidity dome for the cutting.

Monitoring Growth

Place the cutting in a bright location with indirect sunlight, as direct sunlight may harm the developing roots. Keep an eye on the water level in your propagation vessel, as it’s essential not to let the water drop below the node. Ensure that the water stays relatively clean; you can do this by changing it every few days or as needed. New roots should begin to emerge within a couple of weeks.

Once the roots have developed and are at least an inch long, you can transfer the cutting to a pot filled with well-draining soil. Remember to acclimate the cutting to its new environment gradually and maintain the same light requirements during the transition process. This efficient technique of propagating peperomia in water can help you grow new plants with ease while saving you time and effort.

Transferring to Soil

Once your peperomia cuttings have successfully propagated in water, it’s time to transfer them to soil. In this section, we’ll discuss the right time to transfer and a step-by-step process for doing it successfully.

When to Transfer

An ideal time to transfer your peperomia cuttings to soil is when their roots have grown to about 3 inches in length. At this stage, the roots are strong enough to support the plant’s growth in a new environment.

How to Transfer

Follow these steps to transfer your water-propagated peperomia cuttings to soil:

  1. Prepare the potting mix: Create a well-draining mix by combining 2 parts of regular potting soil with 1 part of perlite or pumice, and 1 part of coco coir, as recommended by Get Busy Gardening.
  2. Prepare the pot: Choose a pot with drainage holes and fill it with the prepared potting mix, ensuring it is damp but not soggy.
  3. Remove the cutting from water: Gently take the cutting out of the water, being careful not to damage the roots.
  4. Plant the cutting: Make a hole in the center of the potting mix and gently place the cutting into it. Ensure the roots are well covered with the mix.
  5. Provide light and warmth: Place the potted cutting in a bright spot with indirect sunlight and maintain a temperature range of 65°F-75°F. Remember to keep the soil slightly moist, not wet, as overwatering can lead to root rot.
  6. Monitor growth: Observe your newly potted peperomia for a few weeks to ensure proper growth and root establishment. If the plant looks healthy and the leaves are firm, it indicates a successful transfer.

By following these steps, you can enjoy a thriving peperomia plant that has transitioned from water to soil. Be patient with the process and remember to provide adequate light, warmth, and moisture during its growth.

Caring for Your Peperomia After Propagation

After successfully propagating your peperomia in water, it’s essential to provide proper care to ensure the plant thrives. In this section, we’ll cover light requirements, watering needs, and fertilization.

Light Requirements

Peperomia plants prefer bright, indirect light, avoiding direct sunlight as it can scorch their leaves. Placing your propagated plant in an east or west-facing window ensures that it receives adequate light. However, peperomia can also tolerate low light conditions, making it a versatile plant for different indoor environments.

Watering Needs

Watering is crucial when it comes to the overall health of your peperomia. These plants prefer to dry out a bit between waterings, so it’s essential not to overwater them. Allow the top inch of soil to dry before providing more water. This generally translates to watering your peperomia once every 7-10 days. Remember to adjust the watering frequency according to the season – less water in winter and more during the growing season.


It is vital to fertilize your propagated peperomia to promote healthy and robust growth. Dilute a balanced, liquid houseplant fertilizer to half its recommended strength and apply it once a month during the growing season, which is typically in the spring and summer. Avoid fertilizing in the fall and winter since the plant’s growth slows down during these periods.

By following these three care guidelines – providing the right light conditions, watering appropriately, and fertilizing during the growing season – your propagated peperomia can thrive and grow into a healthy, beautiful plant.

Common Problems and Solutions

Problem 1: Root rot
One common issue when propagating peperomia in water is root rot. This happens when the water isn’t changed regularly, leading to a lack of oxygen and the growth of harmful bacteria. To avoid root rot, change the water every few days or when it starts to look cloudy. As a preventive measure, you can also slightly increase water oxygen levels by adding an air stone like the ones used in aquariums.

Problem 2: Slow growth
Peperomia might exhibit slow growth during water propagation, as it’s not an ideal long-term solution. Make sure the stem cuttings have at least 1-2 leaf nodes submerged in water. Place them in a bright, indirectly lit spot for optimal growth. Once roots are well-developed, transfer them to a more suitable medium such as a mix of potting soil, perlite, and coco coir.

Problem 3: Yellowing leaves
Yellowing leaves can be an indication of nutrient deficiency or overwatering. Although peperomia can be propagated in water, they might lack essential nutrients eventually. You can combat this problem by adding a diluted water-soluble fertilizer to the propagation water occasionally, but don’t overdo it. Once your peperomia has developed a healthy root system, transplant it to a well-draining soil mix.

Problem 4: Fungal issues
Water-propagated plants can sometimes attract various forms of fungal growth. Adding a few drops of hydrogen peroxide to the water can help deter fungal growth. It provides extra oxygen to the roots, and creates an inhospitable environment for most fungi. However, it’s important to note that hydrogen peroxide should be used in moderation, as excessive use can damage the plant’s tender roots.

To summarize, peperomia can indeed be propagated in water, but requires proper care to avoid common issues like root rot, slow growth, yellowing leaves, and fungal infections. By following the suggested solutions, you can successfully grow healthy peperomia plants from stem cuttings in water.


Propagating peperomia in water is indeed possible and can be quite successful. The process involves taking a stem cutting from the mother plant, preferably at least three inches long, and removing any lower leaves. Submerging the bottom few inches of the stem in a clean glass or jar filled with water allows the cutting to grow roots and eventually develop into a new plant.

While this method can be effective, it is important to remember that growing peperomia in water is not recommended as a long-term solution. To maintain healthy growth, peperomia plants are better suited to being propagated in soil. One option is to create a well-draining, airy soil mix by combining regular potting soil with perlite or pumice and coco coir.

Successfully propagating peperomia in water requires attention to detail and proper care. Changing the water regularly can help prevent root rot and keep the cutting healthy. Once roots have developed, transferring the cutting to soil is the best course of action for long-term growth and overall plant health.

In summary, water propagation can be a successful method for growing peperomia, but it’s important to transition the new plant to a more suitable environment, such as a well-draining soil mix, for optimal growth and longevity.

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