Philodendron Mayoi vs Xanadu: Ultimate Plant Comparison

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Philodendron Mayoi and Xanadu are two popular varieties of plants belonging to the Araceae family. These tropical plants are often sought after by plant enthusiasts and gardeners alike for their unique appearances and characteristics. While they share some common features, several differences set them apart, making it essential for potential owners to understand their specific needs and qualities.

One notable difference between the two is their leaf shape and appearance. The Philodendron Mayoi boasts large, dark-green fern-like fringed leaves, while the Xanadu is recognized for its C-shaped petiole, and deep purplish-red spathe. Additionally, their growth habits differ; the Mayoi is a climbing and vining plant, whereas the Xanadu maintains a more compact, shrub-like growth pattern without climbing tendencies.

Understanding these differences is crucial for individuals looking to add either of these tropical beauties to their plant collection. With varying growth habits, leaf appearances, and other distinct qualities, both Philodendron Mayoi and Xanadu can make unique and captivating additions to any home or garden.

Philodendron Mayoi Overview

Philodendron Mayoi


The Philodendron Mayoi is a rare and unique species within the Philodendron genus. This distinct plant is known for its large, palm-like leaves, which are different from the common heartleaf philodendron. A striking feature of this variety is the stalks (petioles) and underside veins with a red tinge. As the plant matures, the glossy green lobes deepen and widen, making it an attractive addition to any plant collection.

Growth Requirements

Philodendron Mayoi thrives in conditions similar to those found in rainforests. It prefers a stable temperature of 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit (16-29 degrees Celsius) and may experience stunted growth, withering, or even death if exposed to temperatures below 55 degrees Fahrenheit (12.5 degrees Celsius) source.

When it comes to light, this tropical species appreciates bright, indirect sunlight. Overexposure to direct sunlight may cause leaf burn, while insufficient light can result in leggy growth.

Proper soil composition is also essential for the Philodendron Mayoi. A well-draining mix with a high percentage of organic matter is required, as the roots need to breathe and excess moisture can lead to root rot.


Propagating the Philodendron Mayoi can be a fun and rewarding process. Here are some popular methods for propagation:

  • Stem cuttings: The most commonly used technique involves taking a stem cutting with at least one leaf and a healthy aerial root. Place the cutting in water or moist soil and ensure it receives bright, indirect light. In a few weeks, new roots should begin to establish themselves.
  • Air layering: This method involves creating a small incision in the stem, applying rooting hormone, and carefully wrapping it in moist sphagnum moss. The moss should be enclosed in a plastic wrap, allowing roots to develop. Once a strong root system is visible, the section can be cut from the main plant and potted.

When propagating your Philodendron Mayoi, keep the new plant in a humid environment, as maintaining high humidity levels is essential for successful root growth.

Philodendron Xanadu Overview

Philodendron Xanadu 1


Philodendron Xanadu is a popular tropical houseplant known for its attractive and distinctive foliage. Its leaves are glossy, dark green, and deeply lobed, creating a unique, layered appearance in any indoor garden setting. Unlike the Philodendron Mayoi which has fern-like fringed leaves, Xanadu’s leaves are slightly smaller and narrower, yet still maintain a similar overall shape.

Growth Requirements

To ensure healthy growth, Philodendron Xanadu requires well-draining soil and consistent moisture levels. This plant grows optimally in standard household conditions where the temperature ranges between 65°F and 85°F. It prefers bright, indirect light, though it can tolerate low-light conditions. However, too little light can result in slow growth and less vibrant foliage.

When it comes to fertilizing, it’s best to use a balanced, liquid fertilizer once every month during the growing season. Reduce the frequency to every two months during the colder months.


To propagate Philodendron Xanadu, follow these steps:

  1. Choose a healthy, well-established plant with multiple grown stems.
  2. Using a sharp, clean knife or scissors, cut a stem section that includes a few leaf nodes.
  3. Remove the lowest leaves from the cut stem. This helps promote new root growth.
  4. Place the cut stem in a container filled with water or moist, well-draining soil. Position the container in a warm, brightly lit area without direct sunlight.
  5. Monitor the water or soil moisture regularly to ensure optimal rooting conditions.
  6. In about 3 to 6 weeks, you should start to see new roots forming. Once sufficient roots have developed, transplant the new plant to a larger pot with the appropriate soil blend.

In conclusion, Philodendron Xanadu is an easy-to-grow houseplant that offers striking foliage and adds an exotic touch to any indoor space. By understanding the plant’s characteristics, growth requirements, and propagation methods, you can enjoy the vibrant beauty of this popular tropical plant in your own home.

Comparing Philodendron Mayoi And Xanadu


Philodendron Mayoi features large, dark-green fern-like fringed leaves, giving it a distinct look compared to other varieties. On the other hand, Xanadu has leaves characterized by a C-shaped canal along the petiole and a deep purplish-red spathe 1. This difference in leaf structure sets the two varieties apart, and also impacts their overall appearance in your garden or indoor space.

Care Conditions

Philodendron Mayoi and Xanadu share some similarities in their care requirements. Both plants need well-draining soil and adequate humidity in their environment to thrive properly. However, they also have some specific care requirements that are unique to each variety. For instance, Philodendron Xanadu may need more frequent repotting during the warm summer months due to its aggressive growth 2.

Growth Habits

The growth habits of these two Philodendron varieties differ significantly. Mayoi is considered a climbing or creeping plant, reaching relatively larger sizes in comparison to Xanadu 3. Conversely, Xanadu has a more shrub-like growth habit, staying compact and bushy without the need for climbing supports 4. The difference in their growth patterns makes each plant suitable for specific purposes and settings, depending on your preferences and space constraints.

Choosing The Right Philodendron For Your Space

When it comes to selecting the perfect philodendron for your indoor space, there are a few factors to consider. Two popular varieties, Philodendron mayoi and Philodendron Xanadu, offer distinct appearances and growth habits, making the decision an important one based on your preferences.

Philodendron Mayoi

The Philodendron mayoi features large, dark-green fern-like fringed leaves, giving it a distinctive and stunning appearance. It thrives in bright, indirect light and requires moderate humidity levels for optimal growth. To support its climbing habit, be prepared to use a moss pole as the plant matures.

Philodendron Xanadu

In contrast, the Philodendron Xanadu sports deep purplish-red spathes and a C-shaped canal along the petiole. It has an upright growth habit, which means it doesn’t creep or vine like its mayoi counterpart. This variety is also well-suited to dappled sunlight or filtered indirect light, making it adaptable to various room conditions.

Care Considerations

When comparing the two, one might want to consider the following care factors:

  • Light requirements: Both mayoi and Xanadu thrive in bright, indirect light, so ensure a suitable spot in the room with ample natural light but without direct sunlight.
  • Growth habit: Decide whether you prefer a climbing variety like the mayoi or an upright, more-contained plant like the Xanadu.
  • Foliage appearance: Evaluate your aesthetic preferences, as the mayoi has fern-like leaves, while the Xanadu exhibits purplish-red spathes.

By thoroughly weighing these factors, it becomes easier to determine which of the two philodendron varieties best suits one’s indoor space and personal preferences. Ultimately, either choice offers unique features and growth habits that can enhance the beauty and vitality of any room.

Troubleshooting Common Problems

Caring for philodendron mayoi and xanadu can sometimes present challenges. By identifying common issues and providing solutions, this section serves as a guide to help ensure your plants thrive.

Watering Concerns

One common issue that may occur with both mayoi and xanadu plants is improper watering. Inadequate water can cause leaves to turn yellow or brown. To address this problem, make sure to:

  • Provide enough water without overwatering
  • Maintain evenly moist soil
  • Use well-draining soil mix

Pests and Diseases

Plants from the philodendron family, including mayoi and xanadu, may encounter pests like mealybugs and other aphids. To prevent and manage infestations, follow these steps:

  • Inspect plants regularly for signs of pests
  • Isolate affected plants to avoid further spread
  • Treat affected plants with insecticidal soap or neem oil

Nutrient Deficiencies

Your philodendron mayoi and xanadu plants can experience nutrient deficiencies that affect overall health. Signs of poor nutrition include yellowing leaves and poor growth. To tackle nutrient deficiency issues, try the following:

  • Use a balanced, slow-release fertilizer
  • Ensure proper soil pH for better nutrient absorption
  • Monitor and adjust your plant’s environment to minimize stress

By understanding the common problems associated with philodendron mayoi and xanadu plants, you can take appropriate measures to keep your plants healthy and vibrant.

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